True Brushfoots

True Brushfoots (Nymphalinae) belong to the family of Brush-footed butterflies (Nymphalidae). They are medium to large-sized butterflies with a powerful flight and easy to identify. Most butterflies of this species use the nettle to deposit eggs.

 

Tribe: Melitaeini
Subtribe: Phyciodina
Genus: Anthanassa

Orange-patched Crescent – 2017 (CO)

The Orange-patched Crescent (Anthanassa drusilla) is a butterfly common in South America. The brown hindwing has an orange band with two rows of half-moons on the wing margin. The brown forewing has many small and some larger orange spots. There is a variant of this fritillary (Anthanassa drusilla alceta) where those spots on the forewing can be seen as a large orange band. Host plant: . Dutch name: Oranje-gevlekte parelmoervlinder. Frisian name:

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Araschnia

Map Butterfly – 2010 (NL)

The Map Butterfly (Araschnia levana) is a special butterfly as the spring generation looks very different from the summer generation, seasonal dimorphism. The top of the spring brood is orange with black spots and the summer brood has a black top with a yellow or whitish band at the wing margin. The underside is dark reddish-brown with white veins and transverse lines, the hindwing with a whitish band in the hemline. The wingspan is 40-50mm. The Map Butterfly flies in two or three generations from April to September. Adults use a wide range of herbaceous plants for nectar while males are known to absorb salts and other nutrients from damp soil. Host plant: Large Nettle. Dutch name: Landkaartje. Frisian name: Lânkaartflinter.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Colubura

The Mosaic – 2017 (CO)

The Mosaic (Colobura dirce) is a butterfly that is only seen in butterfly gardens in the Netherlands. I spotted this butterfly in wild nature in Medellin (Colombia). The underside of the wings shows how it got its name. A pattern of alternating brown and white stripes can be seen. The Mosaic is very similar to its relative the Colobura annulata, which is very rare. The Mosaic is slightly smaller, but the main difference is related to the brown stripes in the apical area of the wing. For the Mosaic, they grow from fairly wide to clearly thinner towards the apex and are also lighter in color. Two small orange and blue spots can also be seen on the underside of the hindwing. The top of the wing is dark brown to black with the same wide white-yellow band on the forewing that can also be seen on the underside. The Mosaic likes to sit on trees with its head down. Host plant: Nettle. Dutch name: Zebravlinder. Frisian name:

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Inachis

Peacock Butterfly – 2008 (FR)

The Peacock Butterfly (Inachis io) is a very colorful butterfly that flies around for three generations from February to October. The top of this butterfly is reddish-brown with a striking eye-spot on each wing to startle or confuse predators. The eye-spots on the hindwing are white with a blue spot in them, while the spots on the forewing are yellow/blue with a reddish-brown stain. The underside of the wings, on the other hand, is black and looks like a dead leaf. The wingspan is 63-69mm. Host plant: Common Nettle, and Hop. Dutch name: Dagpauwoog. Frisian name: Deipau-each.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Nymphalis
Subgenus: Polygonia

Comma Butterfly – 2006 (NL)

The Comma Butterfly (Nymphalis c-album) is a butterfly that flies around in one to three generations from February to October. The wings are roughly corrugated with the top orange with black spots and underside brown and have a wingspan of 55-56mm. When the wings are held together in a resting position, the Comma Butterfly looks like a leaf on the tree due to the shape of the wings. An excellent camouflage. Striking is the C-shaped white spot on the underside of the hindwing. This butterfly owes its name to it. Host plant: Nettle, Hop, Elm, Willow, and Hazel. Dutch name: Gehakkelde aurelia. Frisian name: C-flinter.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Nymphalis
Subgenus: Polygonia

Southern Comma – 2008 (JO)

The Southern Comma (Nymphalis egea) is a butterfly that does not occur in the Netherlands. It is a butterfly found from the French Mediterranean coast to the East. The Southern Comma almost resembles its relative, but the black spots on the top of the forewing are smaller and the underside has a small white L-shaped spot. Host plant: Upright Pellitory. Dutch name: Zuidelijke aurelia. Frisian name:

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Nymphalis
Subgenus: Aglais

Small Tortoiseshell – 2008 (NL)

The Small Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis urticae) flies from one to three generations from February to October. The top of the wing is orange with a black serrated band in the outer edge zone with the serrations filled with blue. There are three large black spots along the costa of the forewing. The wingspan is 50-56mm. With this butterfly, the hair on the body is also very strong. Host plant: Common Nettle. Dutch name: Kleine vos. Frisian name: Lytse foks.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Vanessa

Painted Lady – 2006 (NL)

The Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) is a long-distance migrant that occurs in several generations in the Netherlands from March to October. The wingspan is 50-56mm. The underside of the hindwing has four black eye-spots each with a yellow border. The top is orange with black spots where the apical area of the forewing is black with white spots. The orange hair on the body is striking. Host plant: Thistle, Mallow, and Common Nettle. Dutch name: Distelvlinder. Frisian name: Stikelflinter.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Vanessa

Red Admiral – 2008 (NL)

The Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) is a very common long-distance migrant that flies around in several generations from March to November. Each spring and continuing through the summer, there are northward migrations from North Africa. They are typically seen on Buddleias or Flowering Ivy and on rotting fruit. The top of the wing is black with an orange-red band and white spots at the apical area. An orange-red band with black small dots runs along the termen of the hindwing. The wingspan is ranging from 67-72mm. Females lay eggs and consequently there is an emergence of fresh butterflies, from about July onwards. Host plant: Common Nettle. Dutch name: Atalanta. Frisian name: Nûmerflinter.

 

Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Vanessa

American Painted Lady – 2017 (CO)

I discovered the American Painted Lady (Vanessa virgiensis) in Medellín (Colombia). The colors of this specimen, mainly the orange color, are brighter than those of the European Painted Lady. On the top of the hindwing are two black large spots with a white stain in them, in contrast to the European specimen where 4 small blue spots are present. Two dark spots can be seen on the underside of the hindwing, surrounded by a black thin circle. For the European species, there are four spots. Host plant: Jersey Cudweed. Dutch name: Distelvlinder (Amerikaans). Frisian name: Súdlike stikelflinter.

 

Tribe: Victorinini
Genus: Anartia

Brown Peacock – 2017 (NL)

The Brown Peacock (Anartia amathea) is mainly found around the Andes mountains. I spotted this beautifully colored large brush-foot in Medellín (Colombia). Fresh specimens have a nice bright red band on the upper side of both the fore- and hindwings. This bright red color changes into black towards the costa. On the hindwing, the white moon spots change to red, while on the forewing only white spots are present. As the butterfly ages, the red color changes to orange. The two narrow red or orange-colored narrow bands on the forewing remain intense in color. The females often have a less intense color than the males. Host plant: herbaceous plants. Dutch name: Scharlaken dagpauwoog. Frisian name:

 

Tribe: Victorinini
Genus: Anartia

White Peacock – 2017 (CO)

The White Peacock (Anartia jatrophae) is a butterfly that is mainly found in Central and South America. This beautiful large brush-foot was spotted in Medellín (Colombia). The top of the wing is white with light brown markings and a double row of light-colored moons. The forewing has one black and round spot and the hindwing two. As the butterfly ages, the colors fade and appear almost white. The White Peacock is a real sun lover. In the morning it still flutters low to the ground, but as soon as the temperature rises it sits comfortably on a leaf and spreads its wings, enjoying the sun. Host plant: Water Hyssop, Phyla, and Wild Petunia. Dutch name: Witte dagpauwoog. Frisian name: