Hadeninae is a subfamily of the Owlet Moths (Noctuidae).
The Nutmeg – 2017 (NL)
An important characteristic of the Nutmeg (Anarta trifolii) is the clear white ‘W’ in the light, black-deposited wave line. The ground color is brownish light to dark grey. The inner lobe of the fairly large kidney mark is always darker than the base color of the wing. The midfield and apex are lighter colored. The flight period is from mid-April to mid-October in two and sometimes three generations and its wingspan is 30-35mm. Host plant: Orache and Goosefoot. Dutch name: Spurrie-uil. Frisian name: Sparjeûltsje.
Small Angle Shades – 2020 (NL)
Like the Angle Shades (Phlogophora meticulosa), the Small Angle Shades (Euplexia lucipara) has a resting position that makes it look like a dead leaf. The costa is folded under the rest of the wing and the apex is downwards. The Small Angle Shades can be recognized by the white to pale yellow kidney mark that is located on the border of the dark median band and the broad light brown or pink-brown zone at the dorsum. In that broad light brown zone, the golden yellow spot near the kidney mark is clearly noticeable. The wingspan is 27-32mm and the flying period is from May to August in one generation. Host plant: Fern and Birch. Dutch name: Levervlek. Frisian name: Leverflek.
Varied Coronet – 2021 (NL)
A less dull-colored and marked owlet moth is the Varied Coronet (Hadena compta). The forewing is chocolate brown with black spots and a striking white median band. The white median line extends from the center of the costa to the dorsum, including the white oval mark, which is partially outlined in black. The darkly outlined white kidney mark lies against this white median line. The Varied Coronet is well distinguishable from the Marbled Coronet (Hadena confusa) and the White Spot (Hadena albimacula) because of the completely continuous white median line. The wingspan is 25-30mm and the flight period is from May to August in one generation. Host plant: Sweet William. Dutch name: Witband-silene-uil. Frisian name: –
Bright-line Brown-eye – 2018 (NL)
An owlet moth I come across more often on insect control websites is the Bright-line Brown-eye (Lacanobia oleracea). This concerns the laying of their eggs on crops that are grown in greenhouses. This rusty brown owlet moth has a ringed white spot and an orange-yellow spot in the dark kidney mark (the brown-eye). Characteristic is the clear white wavy line with the ‘W’ in it (bright-line). The flight period is from April to October in two and sometimes three generations and the wingspan is 28-38mm. Host plant: Common Nettle, St. John’s wort, Hazel, Willow, and hops. Dutch name: Groente-uil. Frisian name: Grienteûltsje.
Dog’s Tooth – 2021 (NL)
Most noticeable of the front wing of the Dog’s Tooth (Lacanobia suasa) is the blackish-filled short dart mark that stands out as a massive dark spot. The inner part of the kidney spot and the surrounding midfield are often dark. The Dog’s Tooth comes in two color variations: greyish-brown with sand-colored pollination and an even greyish dark brown showing only the dart mark, the whitish W in the wavy line at the termen and the black stripe in the basal area. The flight period is in two generations from April to October and the wingspan is 32-37mm. Host plant: Dock, Plantain, herbaceous plants. Dutch name: Variabele w-uil. Frisian name: –
Shoulder-striped Wainscot – 2019 (NL)
A solidly built owlet moth with a greyish-brown or dull straw-coloured front wing with white veins is the Shoulder-striped Wainscot (Leucania comma). The white central vein ends in the center of the forewing in a bulge that is roughly comma-shaped. Striking is the deep black shoulder stripe that runs from the base along the white central vein to the midfield. The various blackish stripes in the costal area and the light streak along the costa are also striking. There is little variation in color and markings. The hindwing is brown. The flight period is in one generation from mid-May to late July and sometimes a second generation from mid-September to mid-October. The wingspan is 32-37mm. Host plant: Various grasses, especially Cock’s-foot. Dutch name: Komma-uil. Frisian name: Kommaûltsje.
Cabbage Moth – 2014 (NL)
The Cabbage Moth (Mamestra brassicae) has a striking white outline of the kidney mark. The outer transverse line is corrugated with the inner edge also being white. The ground color of the top of the forewing is otherwise dark grey-brown. It flies in two generations from April to October and the wingspan is 37-45mm. Host plant: Cabbage, Willow, and Oak. Dutch name: Kooluil. Frisian name: Koalûltsje.
Dot – 2017 (NL)
The Dot (Melanchra persicariae) has a black forewing with a striking white kidney mark. A grey half moon can be seen in the kidney mark. Along the costa often a white wavy line and some white spots can be seen. The chest piece often shows a small bunch of reddish-brown hairs. This owlet moth flies in one generation from May to September and its wingspan is 32-42mm. Host plant: Common Nettle, Hop, Field Bindweed, Hazel, and Elder. Dutch name: Perzikkruiduil. Frisian name: Bultrûpûltsje.
Southern Wainscot – 2017 (NL)
The Southern Wainscot (Mythimna straminea) has a forewing with a straight costa, unlike its relatives. The top of the forewing is light yellowish-white with a slightly pinkish hue. A brown streak runs along the pale central vein. The hindwing is white with dark veins and grey speckles. The resembling Smoky Wainscot (Mythimna impura) has more rounded forewings and is missing the grey line over the collar, seen in front view, which is unique for the Southern Wainscot. It flies in one generation from June to September and its wingspan is 32-40mm. Host plant: Reed and Canary-grass. Dutch name: Spitsvleugelgrasuil. Frisian name: Skerpwjukgersûltsje.
Common Wainscot – 2017 (NL)
The Common Wainscot (Mythimna pallens) has a forewing with a light yellow to brownish top. Sometimes brown streaks are visible. It has no clear markings other than the white veins. The top of the hindwing is white. The resembling Smoky Wainscot (Mythimna impura) is darker and has a dark grey hindwing. This owlet moth flies in two generations from May to October and has a wingspan of 30-35mm. Despite being a moth, you will also encounter them during the day while they are resting in the long grass. Host plant: Various grasses. Dutch name: Bleke grasuil. Frisian name: Bleek gersûltsje.
White-point – 2018 (NL)
At the beginning of the autumn, some new species were recorded. One of them was the White-point (Mythimna albipuncta). This is an owlet moth with a warm orange-brown ground color with a sharp white round spot that forms part of the otherwise not or hardly visible kidney mark. The hindwing is smoky grey and the male has a black band at the base of the underside of the abdomen. The flight period is from April to early November in two, sometimes three generations and its wingspan is 30-35mm. Host plant: Various grasses. Dutch name: Witstipgrasuil. Frisian name: –
Smoky Wainscot – 2020 (NL)
A wainscot that is difficult to identify is the Smoky Wainscot (Mythimna impura). The forewing, unlike its family members, is fairly rounded. Characteristic is the distinctive brown or black stripe along the whitish main vein on the forewing that is yellowish in color. Two black dots can be seen along that main vein, which forms together with the black dot at the termen, a triangle. The striped bottom of the forewing is speckled in black and the top of the hindwing is often dark grey. The similar Common Wainscot (Mythimna pallens) is often lighter in color and has a white hindwing. The similar Southern Wainscot (Mythimna straminea) has a forewing with a straight costa that bends slightly outward just before the apex. Furthermore, this wainscot has a narrow grey line over the collar, which can be seen in the front view. The wingspan is 31-38mm and the flight period is from May to September in one generation. Host plant: Grasses and reed. Dutch name: Stompvleugelgrasuil. Frisian name: Stompwjukgersûltsje.
The Clay – 2020 (NL)
The Clay (Mythimna ferrago) has a striking white spot in the kidney mark. This pale white spot is teardrop-shaped, which distinguishes The Clay from the White-point (Mythimna albipuncta). With the White-point, this spot is much whiter and round in shape. The Clay is also larger than the White-point and has a wider forewing. The top of the forewing is yellow-brown to slightly reddish-brown, and the curved post-median line can be seen as a row of black dots. With the White-point, this is more a light band. The hindwing is dark grey. The males have a black triangle or chevron on the underside of the abdomen. The wingspan is 35-40mm and the flight period runs from June to September in one generation. Host plant: Various grasses, Dandelion, and Chickweed. Dutch name: Gekraagde grasuil. Frisian name: –
Common Quaker – 2018 (NL)
One of the Quaker species, which are fairly easy to recognize, is the Common Quaker (Orthosia cerasi). The apex of the forewing is rounded and this owlet moth has a striking, slightly outlined, large oval mark and a broad kidney mark. Striking is also the light, slightly darkened wavy line on the forewing. The highly variable ground color ranges from light sandy brown to warm brown and orange or greyish brown to blackish brown. The flight period is in one generation from February to June and the wingspan is 34-40mm. Host plant: Oak, Willow, Birch, Hawthorn, and fruit trees. Dutch name: Tweestreepvoorjaarsuil. Frisian name: –
Small Quaker – 2018 (NL)
The Small Quaker (Orthosia cruda) is easily distinguishable from the other Quakers because of its small size. In addition, it is quite light in color and has an even appearance. The forewing has a rough, speckled appearance due to the blackish scales scattered over the wing. Of the markings, often only the narrow kidney mark and the light wavy line are clearly visible. You see the cross lines as rows of blackish dots. It flies in one generation from early March to mid-May and its wingspan is 25-30mm. Host plant: Oak, Birch, Hazel, and Willow. Dutch name: Kleine voorjaarsuil. Frisian name: Foarjiersûltsje.
Clouded Drab – 2018 (NL)
A Quaker that is usually easy to recognize is the Clouded Drab (Orthosia incerta). The forewing always has an angular wingtip and the markings are usually quite rough and blotchy. On the inside of the light, slightly irregular wave line, there are almost always some small dark spots visible just before the center and at the tornus. In dark specimens, as I spotted it, these spots are less clear. The color and markings vary widely: there are blackish or dark reddish-brown specimens with unclear markings, some are light brown, reddish-grey, or light grey with dark brown or blackish speckles and spots. In many specimens, the grey chest piece contrasts with the dark wings. The flight period is from March to early June in one generation and the wingspan is 35-40mm. Host plant: Oak, Willow, Blackthorn, and fruit trees. Dutch name: Variabele voorjaarsuil. Frisian name: –
Hebrew Charcter – 2019 (NL)
While it was still fairly cold for the time of year and putting the moth trap outside did not yield much, the Hebrew Character (Orthosia gothica) turned out to be flying around quite actively. The forewing of this owl is grey to greyish brown, sometimes light sandy or pinkish or purplish brownish, with a characteristic black to black-brown spot. This spot encloses the oval mark and is bordered by the kidney mark. The shape of the spot is quite variable, but it is often shaped like a saddle. Sometimes the black spot is divided in half by the oval mark. The flying period is from March to June in one generation and the wingspan is 30-40mm. Host plant: Oak, Birch, Hawthorn, Willow, Sorrel, and Nettle. Dutch name: Nunvlinder. Frisian name: Nunflinter.
Pine Beauty – 2019 (NL)
It will be cold for a long time in 2019 and will last well into April before the first moths appear attracted on the canvas. The first new species in 2019 was the Pine Beauty (Panolis flammea). This owlet moth can be recognized by the strikingly light, sharply defined, and characteristic kidney mark. The kidney mark is elongated, curved, and extends towards the wingtip. The pointed forewing has an orange-brown, reddish-brown, or brick-red color. Some specimens are more greenish-grey. In the resting position, this owlet moth keeps the wings like a roof above the abdomen. The flight period is from March to early June in one generation and the wingspan is 30-33mm. Host plant: Scots pine. Dutch name: Dennenuil. Frisian name: Dinneûltsje.
Angle Shades – 2016 (NL)
The Angle Shades (Phlogophora meticulosa) rests on walls or posts during the day. The specimen I spotted pulled up on our table when we had a cup of coffee on a terrace in the morning. Fresh butterflies have an olive-green color and the wings are strongly folded in resting position, with the costa bent backward. In this way, it gives the impression of a withered autumn leaf. On the forewings, three contiguous, V-shaped, colored zones can be recognized when resting. It flies in two generations from May to October and the wingspan is 42-50mm. Host plant: Common Nettle, Hop, Red Valerian, Broad-leaved Dock, Bramble, Hazel, birches, and oaks. Dutch name: Agaatvlinder. Frisian name: Agaatflinter.
Feathered Gothic – 2018 (NL)
When checking the moth trap, I was very excited to find the Feathered Gothic (Tholera decimalis). The beautiful markings of yellowish-white veins on the forewing show how beautiful moths actually can be. There are black arrow spots on the inside of the light-colored wave line. The crosslines are dark and inconspicuous. The male is solidly built and has a wide forewing with a straight costa. The female has an even wider forewing, the costa of which is straight or slightly curved. The flight period is in one generation from the beginning of August to the end of September and the wingspan is 32-45mm. Host plant: Hard-bladed grasses, including Mat-grass and Sheep’s Fescue. Dutch name: Gelijnde grasuil. Frisian name: –