Snout Moths

The Snout Moths (Pyralidae) are also called light moths. They can have wide or narrow forewings and wide and rounded hindwings. The palps of some species have grown into long snouts. Most of the species are fairly unremarkable in color and the wingspan varies from 10 to 46 mm. When they are at rest, the antennas are placed on the wings and not underneath as sometimes happens with other moths.

 

Subfamily: Galeriinae
Genus: Aphomia

Bee Moth – 2017 (NL)

The male and female of the Bee Moth (Aphomia sociella) look different. The female is slightly larger, brownish and has three distinct bands across the forewings, separated by sharp, coarse-toothed zigzag lines. The median band, which is slightly darker than the other two, has a black dot. The hindwing is almost uniformly light brown. The male has a more contrasting color. The base of the forewing is almost white, followed by a darker part. The base color becomes slightly lighter towards the apex. The zigzag bands are only partially present and the wings are therefore less clearly divided into three parts. The hindwing is whitish brown, darkening at the edges. The flying period is from May to October in one generation and the wingspan is 18-44mm. Host plant: In the nests of bumblebees and wasps. Dutch name: Hommelnestmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Acrobasis

Warted Knot-horn – 2018 (FR)

A striking snout moth because of its bright orange color is the Warted Knot-horn (Acrobasis repandana). The forewing is half orange from the base and the rest of the wing is light gray. On 1/3 is, in the orange part, a white and black cross line. The flying period in one generation is from June to September and the wingspan is 20-25mm. Host plant: Oak. Dutch name: Oranje eikenlichtmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Acrobasis

Grey Knot-horn – 2018 (FR)

The Grey Knot-horn (Acrobasis advenella) has a silver-grey forewing with red-brown or black-brown shades. The wing base is usually darker than the rest of the wing. On 1/3 is a distinct black cross band followed by a reddish-brown band and a cream-colored line. This snout moth is very similar to the Thicket Knot-horn (Acrobasis suavella). The Grey Knot-horn, however, is slightly smaller and does not have a distinct black spot near the apex. Furthermore, two black dots are aligned towards the termen where they are aligned just the other way on the Thicket Knot-horn. The flying period in one generation is from May to September and the wingspan is 18-24mm. Host plant: Hawthorn and Mountain Ash. Dutch name: Mutsjeslichtmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Acrobasis

Broad-barred Knot-horn – 2019 (NL)

A day of walking around in a nature reserve in Gelderland resulted in a new snout moth, the Broad-barred Knot-horn (Acrobasis consociella). This tiny moth, an inch or so, has a greyish-white forewing with a coppery sheen after the thin black crossline that sits at 1/3. Just before that transverse line is a white zone. At the end of the wing is a dark brown wavy transverse line. Just before that, two black dots are visible. The oak-topped moth resembles the Dusty Knot-horn (Acrobasis sodalella), which, however, is much stronger and clearly marked. The flying period in one generation is from the end of May to August and the wingspan is 19-22mm. Host plant: Oak. Dutch name: Eikentopspinselmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Cryptoblabes

Double-striped Knot-horn – 2020 (NL)

One species that I would not have recognized so quickly from the first specimen I saw concerns the Double-striped Knot-horn (Cryptoblabes bistriga). An expert pointed out this little snout moth to me. The forewing is normally reddish-brown to purplish and darker between the two whitish cross-lines. In the basal area and towards the termen the forewing is sometimes greyer or whitish. The flying period in one generation is from May to September and the wingspan is 18-20mm. Host plant: Oak. Dutch name: Boslichtmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Dioryctria

Dark Pine Knot-horn – 2021 (NL)

A beautifully mottled and marked snout moth is the Dark Pine Knot-horn (Dioryctria abietella). The forewing is silver-grey with black speckles with a silver-grey wavy transverse line on 1/3 that is black on the outside. On the base of the wing is a light orange spot and a wider black transverse line. On 4/5 there is another white with a black wavy line on the inside. There is a typical white spot between the two wavy lines. The flight period is in one generation from June to mid-October and the wingspan is 26-32mm. Host plant: Scots Pine, Norway Spruce, Noble Spruce, and Larch. English name: Dark Pine Knot-horn. Frisian name: –

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Euzophera

Tabby Knot-horn – 2018 (NL)

The Tabby Knot-horn (Euzophera pinguis) has a yellow-brown forewing sometimes with a pinkish tint. The wing is black from the base with an indistinct yellow-brown spot. At 1/3 a zigzagging light yellow cross line can be seen. The middle part of the wing is colored light yellow followed by a black zigzag cross line. The flying period is from June to September in one generation and the wingspan is 23-28mm. Host plant: Ash. Dutch name: Tweekleurige lichtmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Myelois

Thistle Ermine – 2018 (NL)

This snout moth first reminded me of an ermine moth (Yponomeutidae), but it is much larger and the resting position is also different. The Thistle Ermine (Myelois circumvoluta) has a glossy white silvery forewing with a few black spots. The spots closer to the dorsum are often larger and there is a row of small black dots along the termen. The flying period in one generation is from May to September and the wingspan is 27-33mm. Host plant: Thistle. Dutch name: Distelhermelijntje. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Phycitodes

Ermine Knot-horn – 2019 (NL)

It is because I use green egg boxes in my moth trap otherwise the Ermine Knot-horn (Phycitodes binaevella) would hardly have caught my eye. This small moth is gray-white with some lighter strokes running the length of the wing. On 1/3 is a lighter median band with three elongated black dots in a straight line. Furthermore, two striking black dots can be seen on about 2/3 of the wing. The Ermine Knot-horn is slightly larger than similar species. The flying period is from May to September in one generation and the wingspan is 22-27mm. Host plant: Spear Thistle. Dutch name: Weidemot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Phycitinae
Genus: Phycitodes

Willow Knot-horn – 2018 (NL)

A striking micro-moth in terms of color contrast is the Willow Knot-horn (Sciota adelphella). The forewing is light brown to orange close to the base. Furthermore, the wing is grey with white speckles. An orange-brown surface can be seen along the lower wing edge. Striking is the short white angular cross band on 1/3 of the forewing. The flying period in one generation is from May to August and the wingspan is 13-14mm. Host plant: Willow. Dutch name: Bandlichtmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Aglossa

Large Tabby – 2018 (NL)

The Large Tabby (Aglossa pinguinalis) takes its Dutch name from pit grease, the grease or oily material that is secreted in the grease trap. This snout moth was often found in greasy barns. Now you often see him in the house, cellar or shed. The forewing is dull yellow-brownish with a black-brown glow. On the wing is a yellow-brown zigzag transverse line on 2/3 that curves around a black dot. The flying period in one generation is from June to September and the wingspan is 29-38mm. Host plant: Grain waste, seeds, and hay. Dutch name: Vetmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Endotricha

Rosy Tabby – 2017 (NL)

The Rosy Tabby (Endotricha flammealis) is a moth that also has a specific resting position. The front part of the body is then raised so that the front legs are straight. The wings are held at an angle such that the edges touch the body. The ground color of the wing is brown-yellow with a broad median band that is either lighter or darker (reddish-brown). The flight time is from July to September with the butterfly resting in deciduous trees between the leaves during the day. The wingspan is 18-22mm. Host plant: Greater Bird’s-foot Trefoil. Dutch name: Strooiselmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Hypsopygia

Double-striped Tabby – 2017 (NL)

The Double-striped Tabby (Hypsopygia glaucinalis) has both a mid-brown fore- and hindwing. Two yellowish transverse lines run across the wing. The flight time is from July to September and the wingspan is 23-31mm. Host plant: Hay. Dutch name: Tweelijnmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Hypsopygia

Gold Triangle – 2017 (NL)

The Gold Triangle (Hypsopygia costalis) is a striking moth with purplish wings. On those wings there are two light yellow spots along the costa of the forewing. The fringe line is yellow. In a resting position, the four wings are spread and the abdomen rises or the wings are folded, making the moth look like a triangle. The flight time is from July to September and the wingspan is 16-23mm. Host plant: Hay and thatched roof. Dutch name: Triangelmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Pyralis

Meal Moth – 2012 (NL)

The Meal Moth (Pyralis farinalis) is a very recognizable moth with its dark brown wings with a very wide light brown band. The division between the dark brown and light brown bands is characterized by a thin white line. In a resting position, the hind wings are often folded under the forewings and the abdomen curls upwards. The flight time is from June to August and the wingspan is 18-30mm. Host plant: Grain. Dutch name: Grote meelmot. Frisian name:

 

Subfamily: Pyralinae
Genus: Synaphe

Long-legged Tabby – 2018 (NL)

The Dutch name of the Long-legged Tabby (Synaphe punctualis), referringg to Pinocchio,  does not really fit this moth. The forewing of the Long-legged Tabby is brownish. The male, which is also much larger than the female, has dark shades on the wing with an orange-brown part surrounded by a transverse line in between. The first transverse line is brown and the second light brown. You can see a dark spot in the orange-brown part. The female is a pale yellow-brown, smaller and has narrower wings. The flying period is from June to October in one and possibly two generations and the wingspan is 22-27mm. Host plant: Stones covered with moss. Dutch name: Pinokkiomot. Frisian name: